RPP w3 – Thoughts + Workings: Referencing (T2.5)

I’m enjoying this module, right now. It’s currently a nice mix of academic concepts mixed with philosophy. This week’s tutorial was focused on the development of research proposals.

Positivism describes research approaches that attempt to find objectivity with scientific methods.

Can behaviours be explained by laws or is everything subjective?

Three interpretivist approaches (focusing on usage of socially constructed information) are Phenomenology, Action Research and Grounded theory.

Phenomenology involves a summary of researches aims, detailing the system and the rationale for the project e.g. ’empirical evidence of a service’s comparative effectiveness’.

Qualitative research is considered non-scientific and criticised by ‘positivists’.

Correctly estimating timeframes for projects is not easy without prior experience.

Although I generally get under 5%, under 15% plagiarism is ‘acceptable’

Reference lists should be alphabetically ordered

We are using a shaping principle to progress through the work; Occam’s razor.

Slides from 1hr presentation challenge on research proposals.

My team was great, new good people. I desire to have experiences as nice as this one from more of my group activity. BSL-user Sam provides an interesting dynamic that benefits workings by the adding of clarity to operations.

Referencing generators are used to streamline the process of referencing with conventions. Harvard is the preferred convention in this case and this author has existing favour for the citethisforme.com service.

Lecture materials and other sources such as libguides.scu.edu.au define the Harvard format as relative to the type of source:

  • Author (year) Title. Source title, //publisher//, location, access date ////. — General web
  • Author (year) Title. Source title, edition (revision), pages, publisher, location.                — Book
  • Author (year) Title. Source title, edition (revision), //pages//, publisher, //location//, access date .                — Ebook
  • Author, year, section, Title, edition, revision, page — Secondary source
  • Title Year, format, type, distributed, location — Media
  • Title Year, format, type, distributed, //location// — Online media
  • Government name, Year, Title, publisher, location, access date, — Government Document
  • Author (year) Title. Source title, Location/Organisation.                — Document
  • Author Year, (Unit Code) Title, edition, institution, place — Course material
  • Author (year) Title. //In: author (Ed.)// Source title, city, country. — In compilation

“//…//” indicates details to be included if available. ‘Location’ describes the geographical place of a source’s finalisation.

The source links that are to be referenced are:




Auto-citing using https://www.refme.com generally required manually entering further data, often returning imperfect references. Helpfully, the service returns in-line citations. The Harvard conventional format for these is: author, date //(page)//.


In-line Citation:(Riesbeck and Schank, 1989)

In-line Citation:(Lee, 2017)

In-line Citation:([CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.])


Riesbeck, C.K. and Schank, R.C. (1989) Inside case-based reasoning (artificial intelligence series). Available at: https://www.amazon.com/Inside-Case-Based-Reasoning-Artificial-Intelligence/dp/0898597676#reader_0898597676 (Accessed: 18 February 2017).

Lee, D. (2017) Uber boss quits trump advisory board. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-38850545 (Accessed: 18 February 2017).

 (No Date) Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mary_James3/publication/42798405_Learning_how_to_Learn_and_Assessment_for_Learning/links/00b4952b565fc696b5000000/Learning-how-to-Learn-and-Assessment-for-Learning.pdf (Accessed: 18 February 2017).


The results were often functional, but the overall service was unreliable in comparison with alternative services.

Referencing with the help of http://www.harvardgenerator.com/ still required the input of further data but was more capable of acquiring data itself than the previous service.


Amazon. 2017. Inside Case-Based Reasoning (Artificial Intelligence Series): Christopher K. Riesbeck, Roger C. Schank: 9780898597677: Amazon.com: Books. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.amazon.com/Inside-Case-Based-Reasoning-Artificial-Intelligence/dp/0898597676#reader_0898597676. [Accessed 18 February 2017].

BBC News. 2017. Uber boss quits Trump advisory board – BBC News. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-38850545. [Accessed 18 February 2017].

Mary James. 2006. Learning How to Learn and Assessment for Learning. [ONLINE] Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mary_James3/publication/42798405_Learning_how_to_Learn_and_Assessment_for_Learning/links/00b4952b565fc696b5000000/Learning-how-to-Learn-and-Assessment-for-Learning.pdf. [Accessed 18 February 2017].


Comparing these results with (Author (year) Title. Source title, //publisher//, location, access date ////.) shows a satisfying accordance from www.harvardgenerator.com. However, there is an insertion of [ONLINE], another detail value, that, although not in some guidelines, is not expected to devalue the reference.

Using Microsoft Office to list the references from the first tutorial task:

The process of listing the sources involved transitioning each source into the manual-entry ‘insert citation’ utility, researching to get details, and then selecting a bibliography format to insert.



i.   Trochim, W. M., 2006. socialresearchmethods.net: Deduction & Induction. [Online]

Available at: http://socialresearchmethods.net/kb/dedind.php

[Accessed 17 2 2017].

ii.   Cole, N. L., 2016. socialresearchmethods.net: How Race and Gender Biases Impact Students in Higher Ed. [Online]

Available at: http://sociology.about.com/od/Sound-Bites-Research-In-the-News/fl/Study-Finds-Racial-and-Gender-Bias-in-Professor-Response-to-Students.htm

[Accessed 17 2 2017].

iii.               Cole, N. L., 2016. sociology.about.com: Definition of Systemic Racism in Sociology. [Online]

Available at: http://sociology.about.com/od/S_Index/fl/Systemic-Racism.htm

[Accessed 17 2 2017].

iv.   Crossman, A., 2017. sociology.about.com: Inductive vs Deductive Reasoning. [Online]

Available at: http://sociology.about.com/od/Research/a/Deductive-Reasoning-Versus-Inductive-Reasoning.htm

[Accessed 17 2 2017].

v.   Bradford, A., 2015. livescience.com: Deductive Reasoning vs. Inductive Reasoning. [Online]

Available at: http://www.livescience.com/21569-deduction-vs-induction.html

[Accessed 17 02 2017].

vi.   Kate Loveys, C. F., 2011. dailymail.co.uk: ‘Black women are less attractive than others’: Controversial LSE psychologist sparks backlash with his ‘scientific’ findings. [Online]

Available at: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1388313/LSE-psychologist-Satoshi-Kanazawa-claims-black-women-attractive.html (Trochim, 2006)

[Accessed 17 02 2017].


The resultant list requires some editing but is quite helpful as the references are callable objects that allow for higher manipulation capabilities.

Reference generators are still viable but the more demanding mechanisms of Office referencing are worth using for more expansive writing tasks.


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